Smoking can damage eyesight by age 35, study suggests

Smoking cigarettes has long been known for its ability to damage eyesight, on top of the harm it causes to the lungs, heart and other organs.But a new study suggests that smoking can impair vision far earlier than is commonly thought. Heavy smokers with an average age of 35 were markedly worse than nonsmokers at distinguishing colors as well as the contrast between different shades of gray, the study authors said. Previous research has linked smoking with macular degeneration and cataracts, which tend to occur decades later. The new results, published in Psychiatry Research, do not indicate how smoking damages perception of color and contrast. But the broad nature of the impairment suggests

What You Need to Know About Smoking and Getting Pregnant

How Smoking Hurts Fertility It's no secret that smoking is detrimental to your health, so it should be no surprise that smoking can affect your fertility. However, for many women, it apparently is surprising. One survey of female hospital employees found that less than one in four knew that smoking could hurt their fertility or increase their risk of miscarriage. Smoking has been linked to an increased risk for many cancers, heart disease, emphysema, and a number of other health problems. The toxins contained in cigarettes take their toll not only on your lungs but on your entire body's health, including your reproductive system. Smoking habits may be responsible for fertility struggles in a

Massachusetts bans sale of flavored vaping and tobacco products

New law signed by Republican governor will also outlaw menthol cigarettes and places a 75% excise tax on e-cigarettes Massachusetts has adopted America’s toughest ban on the sale of flavored tobacco and vaping products, including menthol cigarettes, in response to a rise in youth vaping and an outbreak of vaping-related serious lung injuries. Charlie Baker, the Republican governor, signed into law legislation passed by the state’s Democrat-controlled legislature earlier this month that also places a 75% excise tax on e-cigarettes. Several other states have recently adopted emergency bans on the sale of flavored vaping products amid a nationwide outbreak of lung injuries among e-cigarette use

NYC lawmakers ban flavoured E-cigarettes after trump wavers

INTERNATIONAL - Sales of flavoured e-cigarettes and their liquid-filled cartridges will be banned in New York City starting in July, in a move lawmakers said was necessary to stem an epidemic of nicotine addiction among children. Council members approved the measure 42-2, citing city health department estimates that 25% of high school students have used so-called vapes, or vaporized smoking devices, which they said are marketed to appeal to children, with such flavors as “watermelon twist” and “chocolate mint.” “New York City cannot wait any longer with this ban, so we are taking action today to tell the industry to back off,” said Council Speaker Corey Johnson. “Our children are vaping in l

Smoke signals: Study shows path linking nicotine addiction to increased risk for diabetes

Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have discovered a circuit in rats that links cigarette smoking and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a study featured on the cover of the October 17 issue of Nature. Diabetes is far more prevalent in smokers than non-smokers, but the reasons why have remained unknown until now. The researchers showed that consumption of nicotine is linked, through a brain circuit, to the activity of the pancreas. Nicotine use leads the pancreas to release less insulin, which raises the level of blood sugar; higher levels of blood sugar are associated with a higher risk of diabetes. Specifically, the researchers found that a prote

Vaping linked to a rare lung disease normally found in metal workers

Paris — Vaping, already under scrutiny for health risks and deaths, has been linked to a rare type of lung damage in a new case report. Doctors investigating a patient’s breathing difficulties found damage that appears similar to an occupational health hazard, called hard-metal pneumoconiosis. The condition typically strikes workers involved in sharpening or polishing metal tools, physicians from the University of California, San Francisco wrote in a case history published in the European Respiratory Journal. Controversy over the safety of e-cigarettes is raging in the US, where the deaths of as many as 47 people have been linked to a different severe respiratory illness. Health officials ar

Tar the roads, not your lungs

A few weeks ago I dropped *Andrew off at his house. As he got out of the car, he picked up his packet of cigarettes that fell into the space between the two front seats. I casually said to him that if he ever wanted to stop smoking, I’ll be there to support him. He nonchalantly answered: “You see; the problem is this; I do not want to stop smoking.” Just like Andrew, there are many people who smoke and enjoy it, but may not necessarily know the full impact of their habit. In this edition, we zoom in on the harmful ingredients of cigarettes as a befitting sequel to the previous article on lung health. The million-dollar question is: “Do you know what it is that you are smoking?” You may just

Changes to 3 new tax bills explained

The National Assembly passed three taxation bills at its plenary sitting on Tuesday (26 November), with the pieces of legislation now set to go to the National Council of Provinces for concurrence. The new legislation was part of finance minister’s Tito Mboweni’s budget announcements on 20 February with a number of public hearings on the bills held over the course of September. They are the: Rates and Monetary Amounts and Amendment of Revenue Laws Bill Taxation Laws Amendment Bill Tax Administration Laws Amendment Bill A brief outline of some of the notable changes in the bills are below. The Rates and Monetary Amounts and Amendment of Revenue Laws Bill This bill deals with changes in rates

Kenyan tobacco farmers are better off not growing tobacco, findings from two surveys reveal

During the week of July 29th, 2019, researchers from the International Institute for Legislative Affairs (Kenya) and the American Cancer Society released preliminary results from two recent waves of a longitudinal economic survey that track the livelihoods of smallholder tobacco farmers in Kenya. Over two growing seasons, the researchers closely followed both farmers currently growing tobacco and those who had stopped growing it (and vice versa). Among the many findings was that the median non-tobacco farming household had approximately double the household resources compared to the ones that grew tobacco. Though raw incomes didn’t vary too much between the two groups, the non-tobacco househ

300,000 Ugandans living with diabetes

As the world commemorated World Diabetes Day on Thursday, Uganda’s ministry of health said available figures indicate that there are 300,000 Ugandans living with diabetes. Ruth Aceng, minister of health said in a statement issued here to commemorate the day that eight out of 10 diabetic patients in the country are unaware they have the disease. The persons are only made aware when they start developing complications like blindness, kidney failure or stroke, according to the minister. In line with this year’s theme, “the Family and Diabetes”, the ministry has embarked on a public awareness campaign. Aceng said diabetes has an impact on the family as well as the family having power to prevent,